Native trees


Native trees are those that have been in the British Isles for a very long time indeed. Roughly speaking, they colonised the land without human assistance before the land was separated from the continent of Europe, when the ice was retreating at the end of the last Ice Age.


Some native species are illustrated in the menu options. Some non-native trees are included in this section, such as Copper and Weeping beech, and oaks such as Turner’s oak and Hungarian *, Red * and Pin * oaks.


Native trees form the list below. Trees marked with an * can be found at Highbury Fields, Islington.

Alder - Alnus glutinosa *

Ash - Fraxinus excelsior *

Aspen - Populus tremula

Beech - Fagus sylvatica *

Blackthorn - Prunus spinosa

Downy birch - Betula pubescens *

Silver birch - Betula pendula *

Bird cherry - Prunus padus *

Wild cherry - Prunus avium *

Crab apple - Malus sylvestris

Box - Buxus sempervirens

Smooth-leaved elm - Ulmus minor

Wych elm - Ulmus glabra

Hawthorn - Crataegus monogyna

Midland hawthorn - Crataegus


Hazel - Corylus avellana

Holly - Ilex aquifolium *

Hornbeam - Carpinus betulus *

Juniper - Juniperus communis

Broad-leaved lime - Tilia platyphyllos *

Small-leaved lime - Tilia cordata *

Field maple - Acer campestre *

Pedunculate oak - Quercus robur *

Sessile oak - Quercus petraea *

Scots pine - Pinus sylvestris *

Black poplar - Populus nigra

Rowan - Sorbus aucuparia

True service tree - Sorbus domestica

Wild service tree - Sorbus torminalis

Strawberry tree - Arbutus unedo

Almond-leaf willow - Salix triandra

Bay Willow - Salix Pentandra

Crack Willow - Salix fragilis

Goat Willow - Salix caprea

White Willow - Salix alba

Whitebeam - Sorbus aria *

Yew - Taxus baccata